Classification of Alzheimer’s Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment and Normal Control Subjects Using Resting-State fMRI Based Network Connectivity Analysis

October 31, 2018

Zhe WangYu ZhengDavid C. ZhuAndrea C. BozokiTongtong Li

Early Access Note:
Early Access articles are new content made available in advance of the final electronic or print versions and result from IEEE’s Preprint or Rapid Post processes. Preprint articles are peer-reviewed but not fully edited. Rapid Post articles are peer-reviewed and edited but not paginated. Both these types of Early Access articles are fully citable from the moment they appear in IEEE Xplore.

Abstract

Classification of Alzheimer’s Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment and Normal Control Subjects Using Resting-State fMRI Based Network Connectivity Analysis

This paper proposes a robust method for the Alzheimer’s disease (AD), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and normal control subject classification under size limited fMRI data samples by exploiting the brain network connectivity pattern analysis. First, we select the regions of interest (ROIs) within the default mode network and calculate the correlation coefficients between all possible ROI pairs to form a feature vector for each subject. Second, we propose a regularized linear discriminant analysis (LDA) approach to reduce the noise effect due to the limited sample size. The feature vectors are then projected onto a one-dimensional axis using the proposed regularized LDA. Finally, an AdaBoost classifier is applied to carry out the classification task. The numerical analysis demonstrates that the purposed approach can increase the classification accuracy significantly. Our analysis confirms the previous findings that the hippocampus and the isthmus of the cingulate cortex are closely involved in the development of AD and MCI.

READ FULL ARTICLE ON IEEE XPLORE

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