Improved Detection of Lung Fluid with Standardized Acoustic Stimulation of the Chest

September 10, 2018

Early Access Note:
Early Access articles are new content made available in advance of the final electronic or print versions and result from IEEE’s Preprint or Rapid Post processes. Preprint articles are peer-reviewed but not fully edited. Rapid Post articles are peer-reviewed and edited but not paginated. Both these types of Early Access articles are fully citable from the moment they appear in IEEE Xplore.

Abstract

Improved Detection of Lung Fluid with Standardized Acoustic Stimulation of the Chest

Accumulation of excess air and water in the lungs leads to breakdown of respiratory function and is a common cause of patient hospitalization. Compact and non-invasive methods to detect changes in lung fluid accumulation can allow physicians to assess patients’ respiratory conditions. In this paper, an acoustic transducer and digital stethoscope system are proposed as a targeted solution for this clinical need. Alterations in the structure of the lungs lead to measurable changes which can be used to assess lung pathology. We standardize this procedure by sending a controlled signal through the lungs of six healthy subjects and six patients with lung disease. We extract mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCC) and spectroid audio features, commonly used in classification for music retrieval, to characterize subjects as healthy or diseased. Using the Knearest neighbors algorithm, we demonstrate 91.7% accuracy in distinguishing between healthy subjects and patients with lung pathology.

READ FULL ARTICLE ON IEEE XPLORE

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