QRS Complex Detection and Measurement Algorithms for Multichannel ECGs in Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Patients

June 6, 2018

Antonia E. CurtinKevin V. BurnsAlan J. BankTheoden I. Netoff

Early Access Note:
Early Access articles are new content made available in advance of the final electronic or print versions and result from IEEE’s Preprint or Rapid Post processes. Preprint articles are peer-reviewed but not fully edited. Rapid Post articles are peer-reviewed and edited but not paginated. Both these types of Early Access articles are fully citable from the moment they appear in IEEE Xplore.

Abstract

Fig. 2. Example average signal groups and QRS peaks.

We developed an automated approach for QRS complex detection and QRS duration (QRSd) measurement that can effectively analyze multichannel electrocardiograms (MECGs) acquired during abnormal conduction and pacing in heart failure (HF) and cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) patients to enable the use of MECGs to characterize cardiac activation in such patients. The algorithms use MECGs acquired with a custom 53-electrode investigational body surface mapping system and were validated using previously collected data from 58 CRT patients. An expert cohort analyzed the same data to determine algorithm accuracy and error. The algorithms (1) detect QRS complexes, (2) identify complexes of the most prevalent morphology and morphologic outliers, and (3) determine the array-specific (i.e., anterior and posterior) and global QRS complex onsets, offsets, and durations for the detected complexes. The QRS complex detection algorithm had a positive predictivity and sensitivity of ≥96% for complex detection and classification. The absolute QRSd error was 17 ± 14 ms, or 12%, for array-specific QRSd and 12 ± 10 ms, or 8%, for global QRSd. The absolute global QRSd error (12 ms) was less than the interobserver variation in that measurement (15 ± 10 ms). The sensitivity, positive predictivity, and error of the algorithms were similar to the values reported for current state-of-the-art algorithms designed for and limited to simpler data sets and conduction patterns and within the variation found in clinical 12-lead ECG QRSd measurement techniques. These new algorithms permit accurate, real-time analysis of QRS complex features in MECGs in patients with conduction disorders and/or pacing.

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